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Malaysian Journal of International Relations



Print ISSN: 2289-5043


The Malaysian Journal of International Relations (MJIR) is a peer-reviewed refereed journal published annually by the Department of International and Strategic Studies, University of Malaya. The MJIR is intended for both academics, practitioners and interested observers who are seeking relevant research on international relations and strategic studies in a readily available and approachable form. The views expressed in these articles are those of the individual authors and do not, in any way, reflect those of the editorial board or the University.


The world of international politics in the 21st century is a dynamic one, with challenges as well as opportunities. Contemporary news highlights the threat of nuclear proliferation, of terrorism in various parts of the world, climate change, and of the continuing side-effects of the financial meltdown. Equally there are opportunities to advance such causes as nuclear disarmament and crisis resolution. Hence, there is a need for scholars to address the challenges and arising issues in contemporary world affairs. Along these lines, the objectives of the MJIR are to promote scholarly research on international relations and strategic studies, to provide a channel for the publication of articles based on research, original thought, and commentaries on these topics, and to stimulate further debate and interest in the study of international relations.



Submission of a manuscript implies that it has not been published, and that it is not currently on offer to any other publisher and it has not been submitted elsewhere until a decision is received from this journal. Articles, which do not conform to the format described below, will not be considered for publication. All manuscripts under consideration for publication will be refereed via a double blind reviewing process. The journal also welcomes book reviews.



The manuscript should be typed, single-spaced in 12 point Times New Roman, with standard margins (1” on the top and bottom, 1.25” on the left and right), with pages numbered consecutively. Manuscripts should be in .doc or. docx format only.

Title page

All manuscripts should be preceded by a title page containing length of article, author’s full name(s) with the family name capitalized, affiliation(s), academic qualification(s), postal address, email address (es), telephone and fax number(s). A brief profile of the author of around 70 words should be included, along with acknowledgements if any. In a multi-author case, the corresponding author should be identified.

Abstract and keywords

Each article should begin with a brief and explicit, single-spaced, indented and italicized abstract in English of not more than 200 words, describing the main arguments and conclusions of the article. Please also indicate 4-6 keywords below the abstract.


Maximum length of the manuscript, including illustrations and references is 8000 words.

Language and style

Articles submitted to the journal must be written in British English. Check carefully grammar and spelling before submitting. Alternate –ize­ spelling is permissible. For short quotations, full points and commas fall inside a closing quotation mark. Quotations longer than 30 words should be indented and single spaced, using no quotation marks. The author should take note of the copyright implications of long quotations. Use British style for abbreviations, with full points (e.g. Dr., Ph.D., Ltd.). Use ‘State’ (except in quotations if the original is not so capitalized) to refer to the central body politic of a civil government and ‘state’ to refer to other senses of the term, including a country or political territory forming part of a country (except when the term begins in a sentence).

Use of non-English text

A non-English term should be italicized but the s-ending (if added) in its anglicized plural form should not be italicized. Note that the names of institutions and movements, local or foreign, and names of currencies, local or foreign should not be italicized. Quotations from books or direct speech in a non-English language should be set in quotation marks and should not be italicized, followed by an English translation in square brackets. Quotations translated by the author of the manuscript into English should be so indicated.


Spell out numbers one to nine, and use numbers consecutively (e.g. 10). Use full point for decimal and commas for number 1,000 and above. Note that a billion = 1,000,000,000 and a trillion = 1,000,000,000,000. Use ‘percent’, not ‘%’ except in tables and charts. For dates, use day-month-year format (e.g. 1t January 2013), and spell out the months to avoid ambiguity. Do not use apostrophes for decades (e.g. 1990s, not 1990’s or ‘90s). Write all page numbers and years in full (e.g. 245-246, 1999-2012).

Paragraphing and headings

The first line of all paragraphs should be indented, except for the line following a heading, which should be aligned left. An excessive number of paragraphs should be avoided. First level headings should be in capitals and bold print, aligned left on a separate line. Second level headings should be in bold, and aligned left in a separate line. Only the first letter and proper nouns should be in capital letters.

Tables and illustrations

Tables, figures, diagrams and maps should be kept to a minimum and contain only essential data. They should appear separately at the end of the text and should conform to page size. Tables should be numbered in sequence with Arabic numerals and contain brief explanatory captions, each on a separate sheet. Figures, diagrams, and maps should be designated ‘Figures’ and should be included in a single numbered series separate from the tables. The approximate positions of tables and figures should be indicated in the text, by typing in a separate line ‘Insert Table Here’ or ‘Insert Figure Here’. Sources of tables and figures should be cited. The author is responsible for getting permission from copyright holders for reproduction of visual materials to be published in MJIR.

Endnotes and referencing

The endnotes system in which the superscript numbers are inserted in the text and referred to in numerical order at the end of the article should be used, under the heading NOTES. Authors are advised to use the endnotes formatting option in Microsoft Word. Authors are also advised to use Ibid.  For repeated references, not appearing immediately after first use, use an abbreviated form of the reference. The use of op. cit., passim and loc. cit. is not allowed. References should follow the journal’s house style, which is a modified version of the Chicago Manual of Style, 13th Edition citation format. References should be carefully checked before submission. If in doubt, include all bibliographical details. Examples:

Book and chapter in book

Barry Buzan and Lene Hansen, The Evolution of International Security Studies, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011, p. 384.

Amitav Acharya, “Collective identity and conflict management in Southeast Asia,” in Emanuel Adler and Michael Barnett (ed.), Security Communities, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998, pp. 199-200.

Journal or periodical

Helen Nesadurai, “Attempting Developmental Regionalism: The Domestic Sources of Regional Governance,” Third World Quarterly, Vol. 24, 2003, p. 235.

Newspaper or magazine article

Arti Mulchand, “Spike in Fires Signals Start of Haze,” The Straits Times, 5 July 2007.

James Walsh, “The Lady Emerges,” Time, 3 October 1994, p. 14.  

Theses/ dissertations

Peter Dauvergne, “Shadows in the Forest: Japan and the Politics of Timber in Southeast Asia,” Ph.D. Thesis, Vancouver: University of British Columbia, 1995, p. 170.

On-line articles

Richard L. Cassin, “Southeast Asia Chokes on Graft,” < 5/southeast-asia-chokes-on-graft.html>

Book Reviews

Book reviews submitted to the journal should be of publications published within the past two years. Reviews should be 1500-2000 words in length. Reviews should include a title page containing all necessary information as above, and follow the above language and style guidelines. The book title, author, city/publisher, year of publication and total number of pages should be shown above the review, in the journal house style:

Barry Buzan and Lene Hansen, The Evolution of International Security Studies, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011, 384 pp.


It is a condition of publication that authors vest copyright of their book reviews and articles, including abstracts, to the Malaysian Journal of International Affairs. Requests for permission to reprint articles should be directed to the Editor-in-Chief.


For subscription or single copies, the journal is priced at RM30 (domestic) or US$10 (international). Overseas price includes postage. For subscription please contact the Editor-in-Chief.

Contributors will receive 2 complimentary copies of the journal in which his/her article appears.


Please address all submissions and enquiries to:


Malaysian Journal of International Relations (MJIR)

Department of International and Strategic Studies

University of Malaya

50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Tel: +603 7967 5435             

Fax: +603 7967 5483






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