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Jurnal Akidah dan Pemikiran Islam


E-ISSN: 2550-1775

Print ISSN: 1511-8819


Afkar adalah jurnal dwi tahunan antarabangsa yang dinilai, diterbitkan oleh Jabatan Akidah dan Pemikiran Islam, Akademi Pengajian Islam, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur. Ia menerbitkan makalah dan kajian ilmiah berkaitan Akidah dan Pemikiran Islam merangkumi bidang kalam, falsafah, tasawwuf, perbandingan agama, mantik dan pemikiran Islam di Alam Melayu dalam Bahasa Melayu, Inggeris dan Arab.

Afkar is an international peer reviewed journal published twice a year by the Department of `Aqidah and Islamic Thought, Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur. It publishes articles and research papers concerning `aqidah and Islamic thought, particularly Kalam, philosophy, Tasawwuf, comparative religions, logic and Islamic thought in the Malay World in Malay, English and Arabic.

مجلة أفكار هي مجلة علمية عالمية محكمة يصدرها قسم العقيدة والفكر الإسلامي بأكاديمية الدراسات الإسلامية، جامعة ملايا بكوالا لمبور مرتين في السنة. تنشر المجلة المقالات والدراسات العلمية المتخصصة بالماليزية والإنجليزية والعربية في مجالات المتعلقة بالعقيدة والفكر الإسلامي خاصة في علم الكلام والفلسفة والتصوف ومقارنة الأديان ومنطق، كما تهتم أيضا بقضايا المتعلقة بالفكر الإسلامي بالعالم الملايوية.

Editor-in-Chief : Assoc. Prof. Dr Che Zarrina Sa`ari -University of Malaya

Editorial Board :
Editorial Board
Assoc. Prof. Dr Mohd Fauzi Hamat - University of Malaya
Assoc. Prof. Dr Khadijah Mohd Khambali @ Hambali - University of Malaya
Dr Syed Mohammad Hilmi Syed Abdul Rahman - University of Malaya
Dr Faizuri Abd. Latif - University of Malaya
Dr Wan Adli Wan Ramli - University of Malaya
Dr Azmil Zainal Abidin - University of Malaya
Dr Ali Gobaili Saged - University of Malaya
Dr Mohd Khairul Naim Che Nordin - University of Malaya
Dr Abdul Naser Sultan Mohsen Sallam - University of Malaya

Managing Editor
Dr Mohd Khairul Naim Che Nordin

Project Officer
En. Mohd Salleh Sa`ari

Associate Editorial Board
Prof. Dato` Zakaria Stapa - National University of Malaysia
Prof. Dr Muhammad Zainiy Uthman - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
Prof. Dr Yasien Mohamed - University of the Western Cape, South Africa
Dr Adi Setia Muhammad Dom - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
Dr Mohd Zaidi Ismail - Institute of Islamic Understanding Malaysia
Dr Mohd Sani Badron - Institute of Islamic Understanding Malaysia
Prof. Dr Abdulhakeem Yousuf Al-Khelaifi - Qatar University, Qatar
Assistant Prof. Dr Edward R. Moad - Qatar University, Qatar
Dr Muhammad Rifa`i Muhammad Amin - Qatar University, Qatar
Dr S.S. Scatolini Apostolo Abdulsalam - Al-Musanna College of Technology, Oman
Assoc. Prof. Dr Wan Suhaimi Wan Abdullah - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
Dr Haji Norarfan Zainal - Sultan Sharif Ali Islamic University, Brunei
Prof. Dr Abdel Aziz Berghout - International Islamic University Malaysia
Assoc. Prof. Dr Noor Shakirah Mat Akhir - Universiti Sains Malaysia
Dr Tengku Sarina Aini Tengku Kasim - University of Malaya
Dr Mohd Anuar Mamat - Islamic Science University of Malaysia
Assoc. Prof. Dr Kamaluddin Nurdin Marjuni - Islamic Science University of Malaysia
Prof. Dr Tobroni Ahmad Sahli - Universitas Muhamadiyyah Malang, Indonesia
Prof. Dato` Dr Mohd Fakhrudin Abdul Mukti - Kolej Universiti Insaniah

International Advisory Board
Prof. Dato` Dr Osman Bakar - Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Brunei
Prof. Dr Wan Mohd Nor Wan Daud - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
Prof. Tan Sri Dr Mohd Kamal Hassan - International Islamic University Malaysia
Prof. Dr Hasan Mahmud `Abd al-Latiff al-Shafe`i - Cairo University, Egypt
Prof. Dr Ahmad Muhammad al-Tayyib - University of Al-Azhar, Egypt
Prof. Dr Seyyed Hossein Nasr - The George Washington University, United States of America
Prof. Dr Hamed Taher - Cairo University, Egypt
Prof. Dr Alparslan Acikgenc - Fatih University, Turkey
Prof. Dr Bannacer el Bouazzati - Mohamed V University, Morocco
Prof. Dr Mehdi Mohaghegh - University of Tehran, Iran
Prof. Dr Roshdi Rashed - Centre d’Histoire des Sciences et des Philosophies Arabes et Mediavales, CNRS, France
Prof. Dr `Ali Jum`at - University of Al-Azhar, Egypt
Prof. Dr Abdel Hamid Madkour - Cairo University, Egypt
Prof. Dr Deen Muhammad Muhammad - Qatar University, Qatar



Manuscripts should be unpublished original research on the themes of Islamic Theology (`aqidah) and Islamic Thought such as Kalam, philosophy, Sufism (Tasawwuf), comparative religions, logic, Islamic sects (firaq) as well as Islamic Thought in the Malay world.

Manuscripts should be prepared on A4 size white paper with 3 cm, 2.5 cm, 2.5 cm and 2 cm margins from the top, bottom, left and right respectively.

Centred at the top of the first page of a manuscript should be the complete title of the manuscript and, with title in English if the manuscript in Malay or Arabic language, name(s) of author(s) affiliation(s), mailing and email address(es), then the abstract under the heading ABSTRAK (in Malay) and ABSTRACT (in English) (in Times New Roman, 10 points), not exceeding 200 words, keywords under the heading Kata kunci: (in Malay) and Keywords: (not more than five keywords, in bold, Times New Roman, 10 points) and followed by the text. 

The text should be typed and single-spaced, using Times New Roman font version 5 and above for Roman characters, including the transliteration, while Traditional Arabic font 16 should be used for Arabic or Jawi characters.  Paragraphs should be separated by double spacing.

Please upload the template here.

1.1 Language Used

Manuscripts must be written in English or Malay. Article in Arabic Languange can also be considered.

1.2 Figures and Tables

A figure, table and illustration should be placed on the same page as far as possible, otherwise it may be placed on the immediate following page.

1.2.1 Label of Figures

A figure, photo and illustration should be labelled with “Fig.” and a table with “Table”.  It must be assigned an Arabic numerals as figure or table number; the figure number and title, and the table number and title should be placed on top of  the figure and table. the source of the figure and table, if applicable, should be palced below the figure and the table. The first letter of the title should be in capital letter.  Figure, photo, illustrations and tables should be placed in the middle of the page between left and right margins.

1.3 Sections and Subsections

Sections and subsections should be given the titles respectively. Capital letters should be used for the section titles.  For subsections, the first letter of each word should be in capital letter, followed by small letters.

1.4 Length of Manuscript

Each manuscript should not exceed 20 pages (in single spaced) including illustrations, and tables and reference. The page number should be written at the lower center of each page.

1.5 Footnotes

Each manuscript should use only a footnote system, and neither an in-text note nor an endnote. The footnote should follow the 16th Chicago Style ( The footnote should be typed and single-spaced, using Times New Roman font 10, and should be noted with numbers 1, 2, 3 respectively (which can be created by clicking Insert Footnote on the References tab in Microsoft Word). The author must also provide the footnote/sources in English if the manuscript written in Arabic language. The footnote should also follow the 16th Chicago Style.

1.6 Transliteration

Each manuscript should use Transliteration in the Romanisation of Arabic words. The transliteration should follow the Romanisation style of American Library Association - Library of Congress or ALA-LC Romanisation Tables  (;

1.7 References

References of each manuscript should follow the 16th Chicago Style (

References should be noted with numbers 1., 2., 3.  and typed and single-spaced, using Times New Roman font 12,  and placed it below the text of the manuscript. The author must also provide the references in English if the manuscript written in Arabic language. The references should also follow the 16th Chicago Style. 

1.8 Author’s Biography

The author should give his/her short profile including his/her name, academic achievements, affiliations to professional bodies and working experience within 100 words at the end of the manuscript. This author’s biography should be typed and single-spaced and placed it below the references under the heading BIOGRAPHY.


Muhammad Hassan Abdul Karim obtained his PhD from University of Malaya in 1986 in Philosophy of Religion.  Currently, he is a lecturer at the Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya.  His research areas include philosophy of religion, comparative religion and psychology of religion. He has published a number of papers related to these areas.  He is also an affiliate member of BRISMES since 1990.



The author must ensure that the submitted manuscript has never been published before and assume full responsibility for the contents of the manuscript.

2.1 Submission

The manuscript should be submitted in the digital file form "*.doc" which would be compatible for the computer application Microsoft Word 2010. Submission should be e-mailed to



Every article contributed will be reviewed at least by one reviewer from our editors or co-editors. The journal, due to certain occasions, has a right to sent it to the outside reviewer.

The published manuscript shall be a copyright of the Department of Aqidah and Islamic Thought, Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur. It can be reprinted with a proper acknowledgement that it was published in Afkar.

The published manuscript would not represent the stand or opinion of the Advisory Board, Editorial Board, Co-Editorial Board and the Management Team of Journal of Akidah dan Pemikiran Islam (AFKAR), or the Department of Aqidah and Islamic Thought, Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya.

A complimentary copy will be distributed to the author whose manuscript(s) is (are) published in this journal if the manuscript(s) is (are) published in hard copy.


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